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# HDL Coder

## Getting Started with MATLAB to HDL Workflow

This example shows how to work with MATLAB HDL Coder™ projects.

Introduction

This example helps you familiarize yourself with the following aspects of MATLAB HDL Coder™ projects.

1. Creating a New MATLAB HDL Coder project

2. Adding design and testbench files to the project

3. Launching the HDL workflow advisor for MATLAB

4. Running code generation steps

At the end of each section take a note of the UI menus and windows and perform any tasks required in the example before moving to the next steps.

This is an introductory example that shows various UI elements of MATLAB HDL Coder project workflow. For more advanced coding examples and other workflow tasks refer to other MATLAB HDL Coder examples.

MATLAB Design

The MATLAB code used in the example is a simple symmetric FIR filter. The example also shows a MATLAB testbench that exercises the filter.

```design_name = 'mlhdlc_sfir.m';
testbench_name = 'mlhdlc_sfir_tb.m';
```

Let us take a look at the MATLAB design

```type(design_name);
```
```%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% MATLAB design: Symmetric FIR Filter
%
% Introduction:
%
% We can reduce the complexity of the FIR filter by leveraging its symmetry.
% Symmetry for an n-tap filter implies, coefficient h0 = coefficient hn-1,
% coefficient, h1 = coefficient hn-2, etc. In this case, the number of
% multipliers can be approximately halved. The key is to add the
% two data values that need to be multiplied with the same coefficient
% prior to performing the multiplication.
%
% Key Design pattern covered in this example:
% (1) Filter states represented using the persistent variables
% (2) Filter coefficients passed in as parameters
%
%

%   Copyright 2011 The MathWorks, Inc.

%#codegen
function [y_out, delayed_xout] = mlhdlc_sfir(x_in, h_in1, h_in2, h_in3, h_in4)
% Symmetric FIR Filter

% declare and initialize the delay registers
persistent ud1 ud2 ud3 ud4 ud5 ud6 ud7 ud8;
if isempty(ud1)
ud1 = 0; ud2 = 0; ud3 = 0; ud4 = 0; ud5 = 0; ud6 = 0; ud7 = 0; ud8 = 0;
end

% access the previous value of states/registers
a1 = ud1 + ud8; a2 = ud2 + ud7;
a3 = ud3 + ud6; a4 = ud4 + ud5;

% multiplier chain
m1 = h_in1 * a1; m2 = h_in2 * a2;
m3 = h_in3 * a3; m4 = h_in4 * a4;

% adder chain
a5 = m1 + m2; a6 = m3 + m4;

% filtered output
y_out = a5 + a6;

% delayout input signal
delayed_xout = ud8;

% update the delay line
ud8 = ud7;
ud7 = ud6;
ud6 = ud5;
ud5 = ud4;
ud4 = ud3;
ud3 = ud2;
ud2 = ud1;
ud1 = x_in;

end
```
```type(testbench_name);
```
```%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% MATLAB test bench for the FIR filter
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
clear mlhdlc_sfir;

T = 2;
dt = 0.001;
N = T/dt+1;
sample_time = 0:dt:T;

df = 1/dt;
sample_freq = linspace(-1/2,1/2,N).*df;

% input signal with noise
x_in = cos(2.*pi.*(sample_time).*(1+(sample_time).*75)).';

% filter coefficients
h1 = -0.1339; h2 = -0.0838; h3 = 0.2026; h4 = 0.4064;

len = length(x_in);
y_out = zeros(1,len);
x_out = zeros(1,len);

for ii=1:len
data = x_in(ii);
% call to the design 'mlhdlc_sfir' that is targeted for hardware
[y_out(ii), x_out(ii)] = mlhdlc_sfir(data, h1, h2, h3, h4);
end

figure('Name', [mfilename, '_plot']);
subplot(3,1,1);
plot(1:len,x_in,'-b');
xlabel('Time (ms)')

ylabel('Amplitude')
title('Input Signal (with noise)')

subplot(3,1,2); plot(1:len,y_out,'-b');
xlabel('Time (ms)')
ylabel('Amplitude')
title('Output Signal (filtered)')

freq_fft = @(x) abs(fftshift(fft(x)));

subplot(3,1,3); semilogy(sample_freq,freq_fft(x_in),'-b');
hold on
semilogy(sample_freq,freq_fft(y_out),'-r')
hold off
xlabel('Frequency (Hz)')
ylabel('Amplitude (dB)')
title('Input and Output Signals (Frequency domain)')
legend({'Input Signal (with noise)','Output Signal (filtered)'})
axis([-500 500 1 100])
```

Create a New Folder and Copy Relevant Files

Execute the following lines of code to copy the necessary example files into a temporary folder.

```design_name = 'mlhdlc_sfir.m';
testbench_name = 'mlhdlc_sfir_tb.m';

mlhdlc_demo_dir = fullfile(matlabroot, 'toolbox', 'hdlcoder', 'hdlcoderdemos', 'matlabhdlcoderdemos');
mlhdlc_temp_dir = [tempdir 'mlhdlc_sfir'];

% Create a temporary folder and copy the MATLAB files.
cd(tempdir);
[~, ~, ~] = rmdir(mlhdlc_temp_dir, 's');
mkdir(mlhdlc_temp_dir);
cd(mlhdlc_temp_dir);

copyfile(fullfile(mlhdlc_demo_dir, design_name), mlhdlc_temp_dir);
copyfile(fullfile(mlhdlc_demo_dir, testbench_name), mlhdlc_temp_dir);
```

Simulate the Design

It is always a good practice to simulate the design with the testbench prior to code generation to make sure there are no runtime errors.

```mlhdlc_sfir_tb
```

The compiler setup is necessary for C MEX file generation in a couple of steps that require MATLAB simulation.

• Floating-point simulation (for instrumenting the code to compute design min/max values)

• Fixed-point simulation for acceleration

• HDL testbench generation (for acceleration of simulation during which test vectors are captured at the design IO interface).

The C model is not used for HDL Code Generation.

Create a New HDL Coder Project

To create a new HDL Coder project, click the Apps tab. Under Code Generation, select 'HDL Coder'.

The selection opens the following dialog.

1. Change the 'Name:' of the project to 'sfir_project'

2. Click OK to close the dialog

Alternatively, you can also create a project from the MATLAB command prompt using the following command.

```coder -hdlcoder -new sfir_project
```

The following HDL Code Generation UI panel will appear in the MATLAB desktop after the previous step.

In addition a new file called 'sfir_project.prj' is created in the current folder. This file holds all the project selections made in the UI.

Specify the Design and the Test Bench

1. Drag the file 'mlhdlc_sfir.m' from the Current Folder Browser into the Entry Points tab of the HDL Coder UI, under the "MATLAB Function" section.

2. Drag the file 'mlhdlc_sfir_tb.m' into the HDL Coder UI, under "MATLAB Test Bench" section.

Alternatively you can use the hyperlinks in the 'HDL Project UI Panel' to browse to the files and add them to the project.

You can leave the input argument types 'Undefined' for the MATLAB Function. The input types are automatically inferred from the MATLAB Test Bench.

Launch the Workflow Advisor from the Build Tab

Click on 'Workflow Advisor' button to bring up the MATLAB HDL Coder workflow advisor dialog.

The workflow advisor helps in:

1. Translating your floating-point MATLAB design to fixed-point design

2. Generating HDL code from the fixed-point MATLAB design

3. Automating the steps in driving simulation and synthesis tools

Run Fixed-Point Conversion and HDL Code Generation

Right click on the 'HDL Code Generation' step and choose the option 'Run to selected task' to run all the steps from the beginning through the HDL code generation.

The Workflow Advisor will transform your MATLAB design to fixed-point and then generate HDL from the fixed-point design.

Examine the Generated Code

Examine the generated fixed-point code from the floating-point design by clicking on the hyperlinks in the 'Type Validation Output' window to open the generated fixed-point MATLAB code in the MATLAB editor.

For more details on floating-point to fixed-point conversion refer to the tutorial Floating-Point to Fixed-Point Conversion

Examine the generated HDL code by clicking on the hyperlinks in the Code Generation Log window.

For more details on HDL code generation, simulation and synthesis steps refer to the tutorial HDL Code Generation Workflow

Clean up the Generated Files

You can run the following commands to clean up the temporary project folder.

```mlhdlc_demo_dir = fullfile(matlabroot, 'toolbox', 'hdlcoder', 'hdlcoderdemos', 'matlabhdlcoderdemos');
mlhdlc_temp_dir = [tempdir 'mlhdlc_sfir'];
clear mex;
cd (mlhdlc_demo_dir);
rmdir(mlhdlc_temp_dir, 's');
```